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Прямая обязанность художника - показывать, а не доказывать.(А. А. Блок)


Paint. Oil. Part 1.

Oil paint, or simply "oil" - the ancient and quite popular. Originally composed of pigment - a coloring matter (colored powder) and binder - linseed oil, which is in contact with oxygen in the air, forming a solid, water-repellent film (same film forms, and sunflower oil which is boiled linseed oil life). Paints were made directly to the artists' studios - a small amount of pigment piled on a stone slab with a smooth surface (now use a glass), pour over a few drops of oil and the mixture was ground Courant - a small stone in your hand comfortably lozhivshimsya, smooth and polished on one side. Price paints varied and depended on the expensive pigment. The most expensive made of non-ferrous minerals (gems), such as blue dye (blue). The most affordable, accessible and old paint - earth, such as ochres, are different shades of clay.

Now paint manufactured not only from natural, but also of chemically derived dyes (labeled "imitation"), and with the addition of other additives - various driers, stabilizers, etc., but the price of different colors of oil paint is different and can vary more than three or four times.

Oil paint should dry up and form a stable surface to mechanical stress without addition of any solvents, paints, oils. All of this is used to accelerate drying or diluting paints. If, within one month of the paint did not stop "dirty", and smeared (at normal temperature and humidity) it is not a quality product, and better to buy the paint of another company. Also, oil paints do not have to change the color and tone (lightness, not to lighten or darken), should not become too dull and "loose" (ie, dry up), but this defect may occur due to poorly primed base (canvas, cardboard , wood, etc.). The surface on which oil paints are applied, should not be actively absorb the binder of paint. For this purpose, soils are - for different surfaces are different, so why not do it myself.

Oil paints are divided into "dense" and "through" or "lesserovochnye." It is caused by the refraction of light in the paint layer. Thick paint is not passed through a light, and cross-cutting, if they apply a very thin layer, pass, and through the foundation is clearly visible. These paints are widely used in the paintings (lacquer miniature Zhostovo (painting trays), dolls). Through-paint is applied on top of pictures mother of pearl, gold leaf, sweat (imitation gold leaf). In order to understand the difference between thick and through-paint, take quite a bit of one and the other on two different pads of your fingers and apply the paint on the mirror, mirror on tapping until the paint is smeared in a very thin layer. Then we can see how many different ways through these colors is light. The most common cross-cutting paint: thioindigo pink kraplak (red), Phthalo Blue, Phthalo Green, viridonovaya (green), mars yellow, mars orange, mars black, indigo (black ), LC yellow (rare, expensive paint), thioindigo red-brown.

Solvents - you can use special, artistic, but those who have studied in specialized educational institutions know that you can use almost everything, except acetone. You can use solvents, which are sold in DIY stores, which are suitable for dilution with oil or alkyd paints and varnishes (read instructions), gasoline, kerosene, mineral spirits, turpentine, linseed oil, sunflower, and, natural linseed oil. It is necessary to choose the most colorless diluent. It should be remembered that the solvents quickly weathered (evaporate) and linseed oil and will remain in the ink layer on the abuse they can not, and most solvent and oil are mixed in a suitable proportion of the artist. Linseed oil before painting to prepare the artists themselves. The recipe is simple, ordinary cooking oil poured into transparent bottles and exposed to the sun. Under the open sunshine destroys organic matter, oil becomes lighter and transparent. The only problem is that the oil should stand for 5-7 years. However, the modern linseed oil sold in supermarkets, which has already passed what types of treatment, and if it is stored on a sunny windowsill in a glass, transparent bottle, it is quite suitable for artwork, just choose the best possible light and transparent oil. And as I prefer to use a solvent refined gum turpentine - a natural turpentine is sold in pharmacies, used for medical purposes. I mix oil and turpentine in equal proportions. In general, working with oil paints is very interesting and not as difficult as it may seem. If you have any further questions, please write, I'll try to answer them.